Gaia DR2
ImageGBPRPBP-RPparallax (mas)pmra (mas)pmdec (mas)PMSIGAENAEN sigSource ID
116.736 16.275 15.198 1.078 -0.340 ±0.423 -1.338 ±0.675 -0.082 ±0.533 1.987 2.187 134.529 2704542589921820288
217.667 nan nan nan -3.359 ±0.739 0.558 ±0.933 1.996 ±0.846 2.434 3.021 86.496 2704542594213521664
Gaia DR1
ImageGAENAEN sigSource ID
116.578 1.547 37.977 2704542589921820288
NameRADECbW1-W2z qsoz lenssep.NGaia densityGDR1 countGDR2 countNEDSDSS DR14PanSTARRSDECaLSGaia cutoutWISE modelWISEFIRSTNVSSSUMSSGaiaCFHT cutoutCFHT searchDiscovery
Q2237+030340.12583.35855-460.7111.690.0391.784618712NED LinkSDSS DR14 LinkPanSTARRS LinkDECaLSGDR2 cutoutWISE modelWISEFIRST
GaiaCFHT cutoutCFHT searchHuchra et al. 1984

Relevant Publications

May 1988: High-Resolution Imaging of the Gravitational Lens System Candidate 2237+030, Yee 1988

Sep 1988: Spatially Resolved Spectroscopy of the Gravitational Lens System 2237+030, De Robertis & Yee 1988

Jan 1989: Observations of the Einstein Cross 2237+030 with the TIGER integral field spectrograph., Adam et al. 1989

00 1990: Gravitational Lensing, Mellier, Fort & Soucail 1990

00 1991: Imaging and photometry of the gravitational lens 2237+030., Nadeau et al. 1991

Aug 1991: Infrared and Visible Photometry of the Gravitational Lens System 2237+030, Nadeau et al. 1991

Nov 1991: Spatially Resolved Spectroscopy of Lyman-Alpha and C IV in the Gravitational Lens 2237+030, Yee & De Robertis 1991

Oct 1992: LY alpha and C IV Narrow-Band Imaging of the Gravitational Lens 2237+030, Yee & De Robertis 1992

Dec 1992: ESO key programme, gravitational lensing: quasars and radio galaxies; a status report, Surdej et al. 1992

Nov 1993: Elliptic Mass Distributions versus Elliptic Potentials in Gravitational Lenses, Kassiola & Kovner 1993

Sep 1995: A Gravitational Lens Solution for the IRAS Galaxy FSC 10214+4724, Broadhurst & Lehar 1995

00 1996: Field Spectroscopy Observations the Gravitational Lenses H1413+117 and Q2237+030, Preliminary Results, Afanasiev et al. 1996

Aug 1996: Is There a Cosmological Constant?, Kochanek 1996

Oct 1996: Investigation of the spectra of the gravitational lenses H 1413+117 and Q 2237+030., Afanas'ev et al. 1996

00 1997: Investigation of spectra of gravitational lenses H1413+117 and Q2237+030, Afanasiev et al. 1997

Jan 1997: Detection of a spiral lens galaxy and optical variability in the gravitational lens system B1600+434., Jaunsen & Hjorth 1997

Aug 1999: The new complex gravitational lens system HE 0230-2130, Wisotzki et al. 1999

Mar 2002: Flux Ratios as a Probe of Dark Substructures in Quadruple-Image Gravitational Lenses, Metcalf & Zhao 2002

Jun 2003: Qualitative Theory for Lensed QSOs, Saha & Williams 2003

Sep 2005: Measuring the Size of a Quasar With Microlensing, Kochanek 2005

Mar 2006: The Time Delays of Gravitational Lens HE 0435-1223: An Early-Type Galaxy with a Rising Rotation Curve, Kochanek et al. 2006

Oct 2006: Extinction Curves of Lensing Galaxies out to z = 1, Elíasdóttir et al. 2006

Jul 2007: The Quasar Accretion Disk Size - Black Hole Mass Relation, Morgan et al. 2007

Nov 2007: Turning AGN Microlensing from a Curiosity into a Tool, Kochanek et al. 2007

Jul 2008: An analytic model for non-spherical lenses in covariant MOdified Newtonian Dynamics, Shan et al. 2008

Jul 2008: Extinction properties of lensing galaxies, Østman, Goobar & Mörtsell 2008

Feb 2009: Detection of Chromatic Microlensing in Q 2237 + 0305 A, Mosquera, Muñoz & Mediavilla 2009

May 2009: Subaru Mid-Infrared Imaging of the Quadruple Lenses. II. Unveiling Lens Structure of MG0414+0534 and Q2237+030, Minezaki et al. 2009

Apr 2010: The Quasar Accretion Disk Size-Black Hole Mass Relation, Morgan et al. 2010

Sep 2011: The Microlensing Properties of a Sample of 87 Lensed Quasars, Mosquera & Kochanek 2011

Dec 2011: Black Hole Mass Estimates Based on C IV are Consistent with Those Based on the Balmer Lines, Assef et al. 2011

Feb 2012: Small-scale structures of dark matter and flux anomalies in quasar gravitational lenses, Metcalf & Amara 2012

Mar 2012: Constraints on cosmological models from strong gravitational lensing systems, Cao et al. 2012

Nov 2012: Weak lensing by line-of-sight haloes as the origin of flux-ratio anomalies in quadruply lensed QSOs, Inoue & Takahashi 2012

Feb 2013: Microlensing of Quasar Broad Emission Lines: Constraints on Broad Line Region Size, Guerras et al. 2013

Oct 2014: A Calibration of the Stellar Mass Fundamental Plane at z ~ 0.5 Using the Micro-lensing-induced Flux Ratio Anomalies of Macro-lensed Quasars, Schechter et al. 2014

Jan 2016: Using Microlensing Maps to Determine Spin of Black Holes, Guerra et al. 2016

May 2016: Gravitational lensing size scales for quasars, Chartas et al. 2016

Jan 2017: Time delay in the variability of multiply lensed QSOs HS0810+2554 and Q2237+030, Storrs & Lainez 2017

Feb 2017: Extended X-Ray Monitoring of Gravitational Lenses with Chandra and Joint Constraints on X-Ray Emission Regions, Guerras et al. 2017

Sep 2017: New constraints on quasar broad absorption and emission line regions from gravitational microlensing, Hutsemékers et al. 2017

Jan 2018: Time delay in the variability of multiply lensed QSOs Q2237+030 , SDSS 1650+4251, Lainez, Overduin & Storrs 2018

May 2018: Gaia GraL II - Gaia DR2 Gravitational Lens Systems: The Known Multiply Imaged Quasars, Ducourant et al. 2018

Jun 2018: Gravitational lensing reveals extreme dust-obscured star formation in quasar host galaxies, Stacey et al. 2018

Aug 2018: Robust modeling of quadruply lensed quasars (and random quartets) using Witt's hyperbola, Wynne & Schechter 2018

Oct 2018: Gaia GraL: Gaia DR2 gravitational lens systems. II. The known multiply imaged quasars, Ducourant et al. 2018

Mar 2019: Microlensing flux ratio predictions for Euclid, Vernardos 2019

Mar 2019: Gravitationally lensed quasars in Gaia - III. 22 new lensed quasars from Gaia data release 2, Lemon, Auger & McMahon 2019

Nov 2019: SHARP - VII. New constraints on the dark matter free-streaming properties and substructure abundance from gravitationally lensed quasars, Hsueh et al. 2019